June 18, 1956 - British troops withdraw from Egypt.
July 26, 1956 - Egypt nationalizes the canal to finance construction of the Aswan High Dam. This is the first time the canal is closed.
March 1957 - After much negotiation with Great Britain, France, the United States, NATO and the United Nations, the Suez Canal Authority reopens the canal.
1958-1961 - Egypt and Syria form the short-lived country of the United Arab Republic.
June 5-10, 1967 - The Six-Day War is fought between Israel and the Arab nations of Syria, Egypt, Jordan. Israel gains the territory of the Sinai Desert from Egypt.
1970 - The Aswan High Dam on the Nile river is completed at a cost of $1 billion.
September 28, 1970 - President Gamal Nasser dies of a heart attack. He is succeeded by his vice president, Anwar Sadat.
1971 - A new constitution is adopted. It defines Egypt as a democratic, socialist state with Islam as the official state religion.
October 6, 1973 - The Yom Kippur War begins when the Egyptian Air Force launches a daytime surprise attack on Israeli soldiers occupying the east bank of the Suez Canal. Within 20 minutes, the pilots reported 90% of their targets hit.
November 1977 - President Anwar Sadat flies to Israel and addresses the Knesset.
September 1978 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and U.S. President Jimmy Carter meet at Camp David to discuss a peace treaty.
March 26, 1979 - Egypt and Israel formally sign a peace treaty.
October 6, 1981 - During a Cairo military parade commemorating Egypt's victories in 1973, Anwar Sadat is assassinated by a group of Islamic fundamentalists.
October 6, 1981 - Hosni Mubarak assumes the presidency following the assassination of Anwar Sadat. Mubarak is officially sworn in on October 14, 1981. Mubarak is reelected in 1987, 1993, 1999, and 2005.
1990-1991 - Egypt takes a leading role in liberating Kuwait from Iraqi occupation during the first Gulf War.
November 1997 - More than 50 foreign tourists are killed by Islamic extremists in Luxor.
September 7, 2005 - Egypt holds its first multi-candidate presidential election. Hosni Mubarak is wins reelection with 88% of the vote.
January 2011 - In the wake of a government overthrow in Tunisia, protests break out in Egypt. Thousands of people take to the streets to protest corruption and poverty in the country.
February 2011 - President Mubarak announces he will not run for re-election in September. Rioting in Cairo leaves many dead and hundreds wounded as pro and anti-government sides clash in Tahrir Square.
February 10, 2011 - President Mubarak announces he is delegating power to Vice President Omar Suleiman but remaining in office.
February 11, 2011 - Vice President Omar Suleiman announces that Hosni Mubarak has decided "to step down as president of Egypt and has assigned the Higher Council of the Armed Forces to run the affairs of the country."
February 13, 2011 - The Armed Forces Supreme Council dissolves Egypt's parliament and suspends the Constitution, adding it plans to appoint a committee to propose constitutional changes to voters.
March 7, 2011 - Essam Sharaf is sworn in as the new prime minister, along with a new cabinet.
March 15, 2011 - Egypt's Interior Ministry dissolves the country's State Security Investigation Service, one of the targets of protests that overthrew Hosni Mubarak.
March 19, 2011 - Egyptians overwhelmingly approve a referendum to amend the constitution. The amendments proposed limiting the president to two four-year terms and putting a six-month limit on emergency laws.