Attempts at peace in the past have failed. The Pakistan Taliban have focused their wrath on innocent people in tribal areas.
Public hangings and beheadings, bombings of girls' schools and brutal self-styled justice has been imposed even as they talked of peace.
Most peace plans eventually collapsed and led to military operations -- in Waziristan and in the Swat Valley in 2009. A quarter of a million people fled the area, many of them still living in camps today. Others have been scarred forever physically and mentally, both by the Taliban and the military clampdown.
The government has many major challenges to face. But first it must come up with a long promised national security plan, once again promised by the interior minister in the wake of the All Saints Church bombing.
The government also has to provide what protestors and those too scared to leave their homes are demanding -- their basic right to protection from the state.